Ever wondered how those wooden pieces are joined together to create beautiful pieces of furniture?
No. It is not just the nail or wood screw that holds them together, but various wood joints.
Any furniture making project, be it a DIY hobby project or professional work, requires some sort of wood joints to assemble the different parts. Today I will explain the most common types of wood joints that are often used in woodworking.
The butt joint is the most fundamental and easy joint to build since it’s created with just two pieces of wood which are butted together at the ends, this means that the joint is not very powerful in fact it’s the weakest joint that’s utilized in woodwork but it’s also the simplest to create.
This joint is held together with adhesive, screws, nails or dowel but may also be fastened with a combination of approaches to greatly increase its strength and aesthetics.
Watch this video that explains how to do a butt joint.
Since the butt joint is indeed weak and not too aesthetically pleasing it’s simply utilized in fundamental woodwork projects. The potency of the woodwork joint could be increased by adding a block of wood in the corner to increase the surface region in which adhesives are implemented.
The rabbet joint (also known as rebate joint) is a really similar woodwork joint into the buttocks joint but the difference between the two is that among the endings of the wood comes with a groove cut from it to make considerably better-holding strength.
If greater strength remains required you could also add screws, nails, and dowel into the joint like you want a butt joint but no wood blocks should be required in the corner since the rabbet joint has a huge surface for sheeting to be implemented.
Learn how to do rabbet joints: Video
The miter joint is just another one of these woodwork joints that’s virtually as simple to build and create as a butt joint. Though it’s comparable to a butt joint that joint is marginally more powerful and contains considerably greater aesthetics.
The very top results for all these joints are accomplished by cutting on the angle of the joint using a fall saw instead of a hand saw, this generates quite direct and neat borders.
Here is a quick video that explains how to do a miter joint.
The miter joint is quite common on image frames since there’s absolutely no end grain showing and they do not demand much of holding power. Occasionally a frame created from this kind of joint is used to attach or pay the borders of timber paneling.
How to Make a Strong Miter Joint that Lasts
A Dado joint which may also be called a housing joint and it’s rather easy to make but necessitates using woodwork machinery for a precise and tight match. Woodwork tools may be used but by means of machines, the joint includes a higher quality look and tight match.
A dado joint is produced by cutting a station throughout the surface of a piece of wood around three-quarters of its thickness, the ending of another piece of wood is then inserted and fastened into the station. This joint is generally used on the rear of drawers since it’s powerful and withstands stress from a number of directions.
The following video explains how to do a dado joint.
The dado joint is really acceptable for nearly all woodwork projects due to its simplicity and durability. It’s also quite helpful for fiberboard joints like particle board or MDF since those manufactured boards aren’t so acceptable for lots of other woodwork joints.
Dowel joints are extremely robust and appealing if they’re, like the other joints assembled nicely. A dowel can be also quite helpful for significantly raising the potency of poorer woodwork joints like the butt joint.
This kind of joint is fastened with glue and a little piece of dowel. Construction also needs nothing more than a drill and a few precise markings. The instrument is known as a dowel center and they’re put in a predrilled hole to make an exact mark on the opposite parcel of wood in which another hole will be drilled.
The dowel joint is constructed in precisely the exact same manner that you would twist a normal joint collectively just parts of dowel are glued and inserted into holes rather than screws. By using bits of dowel over screws that the joint becomes much more powerful and may be turned in an attractive attribute.
How to Use a jig to make Dowel Joints
The dovetail joint is among the toughest if not the toughest woodwork joint to build and as its title indicates that the joint includes pins that seem like dovetails which divide into slots.
The hooks are glued to the slots along with also a nail on each pin may be added to keep the dovetail joint square and strong until the adhesive dries. These joints are most frequently located on the front of drawers or even onto boxes like a wooden arsenal due to its amazing strength and very appealing appearance when the joint was well constructed.
There’s typically a 3-pin setup but less or more hooks can be used based on how much aesthetics and strength you desire. Learn how to cut a dovetail joint here.
The halving joint is principally utilized in a frame and is moderately hard to assemble since it is made of two stations which interlock and are secured with adhesives and on occasion, a nail or screw thread is added for additional strength. It is made up of 2 pieces of wood which have two stations cut off half the depth of the two parts of wood to generate a flush interlocking joint that permits the 2 pieces of timber to maneuver through each other.
This joint can be reached at the ends of the wood, in the center or in the end and also the center based on the plan and what it’s required for.
Unlike lots of the other joints said biscuit joints are among the very common toenails joints. This is principally because there are not many areas where this kind of joint is much more useful than another kind of joint.
As its title indicates biscuit joints are fastened with pieces of wood which are in the form of a biscuit and all these parts of wood help to stop motion and add power.
To assemble these joints, you want to use a tool known as a biscuit joiner that’s utilized to lower the biscuit-shaped holes in the timber. This joint is principally utilized to combine large wood planks collectively like the ones you’ll discover on desks and it’s also aesthetically pleasing if the joint is tight. As Stated over the biscuit-shaped Parts of wood help stop the large wood planks from moving.
How to Build a Drawbox using Biscuit Joints
So there you have it. The basic wood joining techniques that everyone needs to know.